The vision of the 'Digital India' programme, an initiative of the Government of India, is to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. Strengthening the manufacturing base through innovation-driven clean, green and lean processes with technological infusion serves as the vision for the manufacturing sector.
Manufacturing and technology development are closely connected in practice. Nations with deep and strong manufacturing bases host good technologies too. Substantial technological integration into the Indian manufacturing sector in the recent years witnessed a steep increase in the country’s GDP. The GDP from manufacturing sector increased to 5942.29 billion in the first quarter of 2018 and for a large, growing market like India, with technological assimilation, the sector is expected to contribute 25% to the GDP by 2025.
Digitization for manufacturing integrates processes – from product development and purchasing to manufacturing, logistics, and service. The textile, metal fabrication, chemical, electronics, composites, leather garment industries have been receiving a great fillip with technological integration into their system.
Ground-breaking technologies for manufacturing sector include:
Further, mobile solutions are being used not only to enhance shop floor productivity and safety but to offer new services and product models.
Forward-looking industries are investing in technologies like IoT, robotics, cognitive computing, machine learning, sensors, connectivity devices, software applications for improving productivity, reducing costs, managing inventory and supply chain and streamlining operations.
Few challenges which stand in the way of digitising manufacturing companies in India include lack of digital operational vision, lack of data analytics skills, lack of strong digital culture and cybersecurity breaches. Emerging economies like India have the advantage of excelling ahead of their counterparts in developed economies, given their greenfield positions. By overcoming these above challenges, India can reach its full potential and fulfil the objectives of digitization by 2030.